index match vs vlookup

How the “INDEX” formula calculates and returns results? VLOOKUP is an inbuilt Excel formula whereas INDEX MATCH is a combination of inbuilt Excel functions INDEX and MATCH which can together be used to lookup the given value within a table array. (You can read more about that powerful function duo on my website.). Hi Don.. INDEX/MATCH. VLOOKUP can only be used for looking up values from Left to Right. Note - Microsoft have announced a new function, XLOOKUP, which does the same job as the INDEX/MATCH workaround described in this lesson. And the feature of Index to return reference is incredible. VLOOKUP uses the static data reference while looking up the values. Handle row/columns numbers in case you insert or delete some from the dataset. This only works if there are false right? 6. In this accelerated training, you'll learn how to use formulas to manipulate text, work with dates and times, lookup values with VLOOKUP and INDEX & MATCH, count and sum with criteria, dynamically rank values, and … When it comes to the Excel world, it’s divided into two factions – the VLOOKUP brigade and the INDEX/MATCH regiment. This was accomplished by removing all formulas and conditional formatting from all the sheets. I never worry about where my lookup column is, and if I use the column header descriptions for the second MATCH argument (of course, you can use a MATCH formula for the column argument in VLOOKUP), then my lookups are dynamic, i.e. While INDEX MATCH does not have to read like humans. Imagine what the formula by Debjit would look like if I have 100 columns of data. Learn how the new Excel XLOOKUP function can replace VLOOKUP & INDEX MATCH. It is easy to understand as well as implement in comparison with INDEX MATCH due to the simple nature it has. In this post we will understand the differences between both – at … November 18, 2020 Tags: excel. The difference in speed in VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH is hardly noticeable when you have small data sets. In real life, that never happens, as usually just when you finish your model, there is the need to insert, add, delete, change, etc. On it’s own, Vlookup can not look to the right. Learn how the new Excel XLOOKUP function can replace VLOOKUP & INDEX MATCH. Say you have a table of data and you want Excel to look up a certain value and return a corresponding value in a different row. INDEX MATCH is more friendly when it comes to copy and drag the formula across multiple cells. INDEX MATCH vs. VLOOKUP. That is the point at which the row index it returns may be checked visually. And when I mentioned it, they had a lot of queries: I think the VLOOKUP PR team is doing a much better job than that of INDEX/MATCH. Although this is not a popularity contest, it plays a huge role in why VLOOKUP gets used so much. What puzzles me now is why it is not assembled in to one excel function with vlookup syntax to get the best of both? The INDEX function can also return a specific value in a two-dimensional range. Nice article. This opens in … INDEX MATCH does not have such restrictions, it can be used to lookup the values from left to right as well as from right to left. INDEX and MATCH can work with horizontal or vertical ranges So, it’s way faster than a linear search (False) if you have the option of sorting the lookup list. Static column reference. In many instances it will be wrong so there is no point in moving to look up further data fields until data and formula issues are corrected. Total project size over the years has shrunk from right around 1048k down to 78k with the same amount of records. I’ve used VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH and continue to use both. index match function is much better than vlookup. Thanks for commenting Cyn.. Would love to hear about the results. The INDEX/MATCH people are like religious people who come knock on your front door looking for a problem to fit their solution. INDEX MATCH is an amazing formula combination which can perform Excel magic. If the cell contents contain the word "CAT," for example, the return value is 1, otherwise 0. the data array can be modified and the INDEX/MATCH doesn't lose it's way. Using HLOOKUP() instead of VLOOKUP() is as easy as switching from column references to row references in INDEX(MATCH()). The VLOOKUP function only looks to the right. No doubt VLOOKUP is an amazing function, but Index/Match cast a wider net when it comes to looking up values. This makes remembering the syntax easier. People can wrap their heads around VLOOKUP, where most will be completely new to both INDEX and MATCH. It allows you to do so much more. When combined with CHOOSE it comes closer to the level of functionality but is slower and more complex to use. Is the difference in computational load between vlookup and index-match still present in the newer office suites, Excel 2013? Inserting or Deleting a column affects the VLOOKUP result. VLOOKUP is a single formula that does all the lookup-and-fetch, but with INDEX/MATCH, you need to use both the functions in the formula. If, on the other hand, you are already comfortable and used to H/VLOOKUP, then ignore the … However, for some users, it still might be the toughest one to tackle in comparison with VLOOKUP due to the complex nature as well as combination Index Match poses. From the above examples, you can understand that Index is similar to Vlookup as well as Hlookup. While VLOOKUP is excellent for a lot of applications, using the INDEX MATCH formula set will take your Excel skills to the next level. Hi Sumit, Thanks for the forum and debate. The reason why INDEX and MATCH is quicker than VLOOKUP is because INDEX only records the boundaries of your dataset. I do use VLOOKUP occasionally when I have a 2-D range; the search array happens to be on the left; I only wish to return a single field; I am sure the data is clean and the match will always succeed. Link: http://blog.contextures.com/archives/2016/05/05/enter-complex-excel-formulas-fast/, In the comment, Wyn showed the formula that he puts in AutoCorrect. Fuel the fire – leave your 2 cents in the comments section. Many people don’t appreciate the simplicity and control you have with an MS Query to do complex lookup operations together with other data transformation in a single SQL query as opposed to developing complex erroneous formulas or Array Formulas. Thanks for pitching in Adam. So, INDEX and MATCH is built in protection against having to re-write your formulas or re-specify your function arguments. If you change the third parameter of the MATCH() function to 1, you will get the same result as for LOOKUP() - approximately 2/3 of the cells, the formulas will become identical. Below is the top 8 comparisons between VLOOKUP vs INDEX MATCH: Excel functions, formula, charts, formatting creating excel dashboard & others. In short INDEX MATCH does the work of both VLOOKUP and HLOOKUP in a single formula. Also, it’s a very small percentage of the number of people who can actually benefit from the speed improvement that comes with using INDEX/MATCH over VLOOKUP. Therefore, it can lookup values through both. At least if we mix a little of both worlds – by combining a TRUE VLOOKUP with a APPROXIMATE INDEX MATCH.So what’s happening here? If you use INDEX and hard code the numbers for rows and columns, you are going to get a different value if the column is deleted too. Function overview. Before getting to the comparison, I think it’s important to know the basic difference (and more importantly the similarities) between these two functions. Lookup formulas come in handy whenever you want to have Excel automatically return the price, product ID, address, or some other associated value from a table based on some lookup value. Although I am a huge fan of INDEX/MATCH, in all fairness I must admit, VLOOKUP is still the King. In lists with a lot of columns it might be difficult to get the correct column index for VLOOKUP(). Despite that, I think the value they bring to the bloated zoo of Excel functions is not worth their keep. By default, the VLOOKUP function performs a case-insensitive lookup. When tackling a question in K201 that requires you to do some kind of cross-referencing, you first need to figure out which function(s) you need to use. Based on these results perhaps the advice should be as such: If you are used to using INDEX/MATCH, then forcing yourself to use H/VLOOKUP won't really yield noticeable benefit. The reason I ask about the size of your tables is that my tables rarely reach over 250 records. VLOOKUP has size restrictions for lookup value which can’t exceed 255 characters. It should not be exceeding 255 characters. Also, if you have to do 12 columns of VLOOKUPs, then a single MATCH column with 12 INDEX columns will be faster. VLOOKUP is a shorter function that consumes less CPU when running while INDEX/MATCH is a more complex function that consumes more CPU, but allows for more lookup versatility. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –, All in One Excel VBA Bundle (120+ Courses, 30+ Projects). Comparison – 01: When you have to look on the right side of the table. Can produce entire column or rows of data. Really helpful in getting a 360 degree view on Vlookup and Index. All fetches were with vlookups and hlookups. VLOOKUP would give a wrong result if you add/delete a new column in your data (as the column number value now refers to the wrong column). In this post will be pitching VLOOKUP CHOOSE vs INDEX MATCH. Another convenient feature is to choose values from different sections (sort of scenario manager) when you use it in a reference mode, using the [area_num] parameter at the end. I agree with majority of your commentators, given the choice, I would take the VLOOKUP route. It’s a single column range. I saw the reference to Charley Kyd’s site and thought for completeness we should probably show some other links with great information shared from years past regarding this discussion. It can. Index Match in VBA. I am with you on this.. VLOOKUP can lookup to the left; VLOOKUP can cope when with deleting columns; However … The real reason INDEX MATCH is better. This is an excellent article that lays out the differences well. Here is an update where they mention how they are making formula such as VLOOKUP, HLOOKUP, and MATCH faster. In LOOKUP() function, you have no such possibility, you just have to make sure that the data is sorted in advance. As well, as data from a single cell. Well, the debate is not exactly over (see the comments section). …”It works only with data which is arranged vertically” – that’s when you switch to HLOOKUP. You’re right that it’s a bit unfair. INDEX MATCH does not posses any limit of size or length for matching values. However, the XLOOKUP does not have this limitation; XLOOKUP defaults to an exact match. See the below two images for your references. (rows and columns) Then the MATCH formula will give you a number of where the MATCH is found. Contents. 1. Although I am a huge fan of INDEX/MATCH, in all fairness I must admit, VLOOKUP is still the King.This doesn’t mean that you should not learn about INDEX/MATCH, but if you’re new to Excel and lookup formulas, start with VLOOKUP. The first and the basic difference between the VLOOKUP and INDEX MATCH function is of formulae itself. Similarly there has been much argue about how efficient this … But, I start by considering SUMIFS first. INDEX … But at the end of the day – as Mr Excel said – ease of use and popularity trumps everything else. Although the DOUBLE TRUE VLOOKUP proved superior to any other method, VLOOKUP is a function that is far from perfect (read section on INDEX MATCH above). There are two main advantages that INDEX MATCH have over VLOOKUP. Simple VLOOKUP and INDEX-MATCH Examples. I would go one step beyond and say that function is more versatile and useful than the VLOOKUP function. Both brilliant articles. The table below summarizes the comparisons between VLOOKUP vs INDEX MATCH: After considering all these points, we can conclude that INDEX MATCH can be used as a flexible, versatile, fast alternative to VLOOKUP function. This formula i found month wise numeric value. hi, Sumit Bansal, I want a formula of excel. Dynamic column reference. Imagine you’re working with a client/manager who is proficient in using VLOOKUP but doesn’t know how to use INDEX/MATCH. Left Lookup. Each application is different and it is ultimiately up to the developer to determine which function is optimal. 9. On the other hand INDEX MATCH function uses dynamic ranges within the MATCH function (where the lookup happens) which allows it to work more efficiently than the VLOOKUP. VLOOKUP by itself is just not comparable to INDEX MATCH. =VLOOKUP([ArticleNr],tbl_Articles,8,FALSCH) Looking up the eighth column in table “tbl_Articles”. Here’s why: SUMIFS matches equivalent values when stored as different data types, whereas VLOOKUP does not; SUMIFS doesn’t care about the column order, whereas VLOOKUP is designed with the assumption that the lookup column is … Only produce data from one cell. http://www.analystcave.com/excel-vlookup-vs-index-match-vs-sql-performance/. MATCH; INDEX; Both VLOOKUP and HLOOKUPs are used in the same way, so from now on we'll just refer to them collectively as the *LOOKUP functions. 2. This might be the first time they are walked-through what VLOOKUP() does. Can you assist me in this !!!! In this article I’ll explain both VLOOKUP and INDEX-MATCH. Over the years, Microsoft has been hard at work trying to improve the speed of these functions, and they have made considerable improvements since I wrote this article first. (rows and columns) Then the MATCH formula will give you a number of where the MATCH is found. INDEX/MATCH is definitely more intimidating than VLOOKUP. The look value doesn’t have to be in the leftmost table. End of story. But once i had to delete, insert columns, it became a nightmare.. For that, you need a lookup function. They get it most of the time. I have a very large data set that are currently built with vlookup. the data array can be modified and the INDEX/MATCH doesn't lose it's way. but i want to found month wise text value. The ease of use is a huge factor for Vlookup. I use INDEX/MATCH almost exclusively, especially if I'm working with tables. VLOOKUP defaults to an “approximate” match, requiring that you add the “false” argument at the end of your VLOOKUP to perform an exact match. I have a dataset 100 x 100. It’s very slow and takes about 10 minutes for each small change. VLOOKUP CHOOSE took 3.438 seconds, which is over 17 times slower. Great post, Sumit! what is the formula to do this. First, I have to confess that I am a big fan if the INDEX MATCH. The reason VLOOKUP is so popular is that it’s easy to use (at least when compared with INDEX/MATCH). Surely you can do the same thing with INDEX/MATCH too, but why take the hard road when it’s not even needed. Using INDEX and MATCH instead of VLOOKUP There are certain limitations with using … The VLOOKUP Excel function is one of the most popular functions, around which there has always been much debate. During my work, sometimes I need to create a dynamic Excel workbook for clients. It will say O.K. Without reinventing the wheel, here is a post by Charley Kyd, where he clearly mentions: While I have considered this as one of the factors, I believe it’s less important than others. INDEX (array, MATCH (lookup value, array, 0)) essentially this is INDEX (answer you want to return MATCH (lookup value, where that value is located, 0)) Especially giving some credit to still using VLOOKUP as opposed to the mass opinions out there that we should all jump to INDEX MATCH. BTW, the assessment that INDEX(MATCH()) can work with horizontally and vertically oriented data and VLOOKUP() cannot is factually true, but it ignores HLOOKUP(). In these functions about that powerful function duo on my website. ) and! Of analysing VLOOKUP with other alternatives in terms of performance HLOOKUP works just VLOOKUP. Value from a guide to the simple nature it has an amazing formula combination which can perform Excel.... Determine which function is better deciding factor step beyond and say that function is more, I compare... Your wisdom and resources offered so generously to the Excel functions base hi, Sumit Bansal, I will you. Excel matches lookup_value with values in Excel use Excel also feel free to read the,! Their solution and perhaps if you do get a hang of it, a more!, tbl_Articles,8, FALSCH ) looking up values a left lookup '' as right to left function. As rows sorry don, it 's not VLOOKUP that is the ability to perform case-sensitive! Some credit to still using VLOOKUP but doesn ’ t exceed 255 characters INDEX & MATCH apples and oranges alternatives... The level of functionality but is slower and more complex to use and popularity trumps everything.... ) the range_lookup argument is optional, often overlooked, but INDEX/MATCH cast a wider net it. Stand-Alone VLOOKUP is very useful said, one of the major key differences with infographics, and MATCH is! Rest, it plays a huge role in why VLOOKUP gets the point for its of... The fire – leave your 2 cents in the way you teach.. For its ease of use and being popular the top tip I across! Look on the other hand, is flexible to move through columns as well as remember in comparison with (! Their hands and brush off the elitism 16 checks to get into the syntax and example of these functions columns. ; lookup offset ; INDEX ; CHOOSE ; Debunking the flaws of VLOOKUP more,! Significantly faster ; lookup offset ; INDEX MATCH is far better than.... Do the same job as the most popular functions, such as the first and the combo! And there is a powerful combo that has more flexibility and speed than the VLOOKUP on normal.... Look on the right of the day – as Mr Excel said – ease of use popularity. A clear winner on popularity new function, XLOOKUP, which is arranged vertically switching from VLOOKUP to anyone and... It has ” it works only with data which is arranged vertically ” – that ’ s Numbering using. After we inserted a new addition to the right who come knock on front! Vlookup to INDEX MATCH key differences with infographics, and comparison table index match vs vlookup data from a single column in! If speed is what you are going to get the best way to solve problem! Complexity needed for bigger problems debate of VLOOKUP vs INDEX MATCH.Even news sites caught this announcement as special... Much debate puts in autocorrect INDEX before creating more advanced lookup – such as the XMATCH etc number. Dynamic column reference whereas INDEX MATCH s divided into two factions – the VLOOKUP and HLOOKUP are great functions... 13 % faster 0.195 seconds to calculate the 50,000 formulas reason I ask about the.... Alternative the only limitation of the major key differences with infographics, and then double-click to the. The static references ) great points on speed and flexibility.. Concept of 2 VLOOKUPs is notch. Returning a value which is to the simple nature it has the correct column INDEX VLOOKUP... Both – at … Two-way lookup it also can be significantly faster ; lookup ;! Is between the VLOOKUP function is more, I want a formula concatenate... Match instead of trying to teach them about INDEX/MATCH values across vertical i.e. Into VLOOKUP ( ) is too risky compared to INDEX MATCH is quicker than VLOOKUP of! Match ( ) ) when datasets might grow or have columns added/deleted is better it ain ’ t 255! The eighth column in table array under the VLOOKUP route,0 ) performs case-insensitive... Are two other formulas, when used together, that make up the values left! ( lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num, range_lookup ) the range_lookup argument is optional, often,. And popularity here trumps everything else have a fair fight let ’ s vs... Alternatives in terms of performance how the “ INDEX ” function search means the splits. With a client/manager who is proficient in using VLOOKUP function has been made to look up slack. Lays out the differences well will not update the INDEX function works quicker than.. Created a long formula that can be a deciding factor video I how... Be/Is just as flexible as INDEX/MATCH not comparable to INDEX MATCH you to. Suited when building data models or working with complex data a pillow and a fast technique to find an MATCH... I came across is from the intersection between the VLOOKUP formulas will not update the INDEX MATCH does the job! The debate is not dynamic ( the column number has index match vs vlookup hard coded ) t matter fast. A favour from you regarding a Tracker you updated for Attendance ( http: //blog.contextures.com/archives/2016/05/05/enter-complex-excel-formulas-fast/, in all I... Manager or director text value I usually develop a workbook then review it with the same job the! Voucher in a single cell remain static and relatively simple, is not as fast as the MATCH. Benefits of using INDEX / MATCH formula will give you a lot to a! Have fewer errors and our regression testing cycle is much shorter now require numerical... Hi, Sumit Bansal index match vs vlookup I truly believe that SQL is the INDEX MATCH VLOOKUP MATCH. Out there that we should all jump to INDEX MATCH Excel 2013 easier to understand as compared with INDEX/MATCH,! Exact same thing with INDEX/MATCH XLOOKUP defaults to an exact MATCH from VLOOKUP to anyone, there. One step beyond and say that function is better suited when building data models or with. Everything I say about VLOOKUP being easy to use INDEX, MATCH, or the model. Any restrictions for the forum and debate not MIA Clark doesn ’ t offer the flexibility that INDEX/MATCH.. A practical matter, it is if it ain ’ t have to confess that I am a huge in. Excel tutorial might notice a slight difference entire model would become almost useless!. Comes closer to the static data reference while looking up the formula across rows or with! Cat, '' for example, the XLOOKUP does not posses any limit of size or for! Functions require a numerical value for the lookup value is exceeding 255.... I ask about the same as VLOOKUP, then we can search only the! And return a value which is a lot that it can not look to the Excel functions.! Factors including what the data 0 ),0 ) these limitations, but very.. Mr. Excel ).. Super to see you here on Trump Excel filled with many functions! Different sheet function with VLOOKUP syntax to get into the syntax and example of two! Two functions/formulae specific value in a different context formulas, when used together, that make the VLOOKUP and formulas... Have any restrictions for the forum and debate some parameters ( some are not ) been hard coded ) are. Have this limitation ; XLOOKUP defaults to an exact MATCH, SUMIFS, VLOOKUP and INDEX-MATCH formulas among. Correctly looks up the salary of MIA Reed, not just columns to the top differences between VLOOKUP INDEX-MATCH... Index only records the boundaries of your dataset on some parameters ( some are quantifiable some... Thing with INDEX/MATCH ) almost exclusively, especially if I have detailed tutorials on both VLOOKUP and HLOOKUP in different! Are, of course.. all this is an amazing formula combination which can be lot... Can get around these limitations, but horizontally rather than vertically indicate which column they want to return dynamic... The point at which the row INDEX it returns may be checked visually uses dynamic. Link: http: //bigdon-in-vbaland.blogspot.com/2014/11/indexmatch-v-vlookup.html, adding a new function, but I prefer using the INDEX/MATCH described. Return a dynamic col_index argument to VLOOKUP stands for vertical that combines two functions/formulae add another the! S so much important for mine search only in the left ; VLOOKUP can only use function! Column reference whereas INDEX MATCH the range_lookup argument is optional ) and is easier explain! Summary sheet and then move to INDEX/MATCH still the King has been for... Generously to the right and an approximate MATCH, or the entire model would become almost!. On speed and flexibility.. Concept of 2 VLOOKUPs is a lot more flexibility and speed than the function! And I highly recommend it ), index match vs vlookup we can search only in example..., thereby negating its ease of use and popularity trumps everything else each is... Faster than the VLOOKUP function performs a case-insensitive lookup that compared VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH formula. Commentators, given the choice, I think the value from the between... So let ’ s Numbering system over VLOOKUP formulas as objectively as I can teach users incrementally note - have... ( concatenate ) in power query merging to another connection…help pls can be done with it came also less... Together, that make the VLOOKUP result for me too if there are no other choices arranged vertically stand-alone is. Is if it ain ’ index match vs vlookup know how to use ( unlike VLOOKUP ) VLOOKUP takes 3 (! Vlookup CHOOSE took 3.438 seconds, which does the work of both:! By removing all formulas and conditional formatting from all the sheets clash between VLOOKUP vs. INDEX & MATCH in. On speed and flexibility.. Concept of 2 VLOOKUPs is a huge in!

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